Goods and services are divided into five different tax slabs for collection of tax – 0%, 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%. However, petroleum products, alcoholic drinks, and electricity are not taxed under GST and instead are taxed separately by the individual state governments, as per the previous tax system. There is a special rate of 0.25% on rough precious and semi-precious stones and 3% on gold. In addition a cess of 22% or other rates on top of 28% GST applies on few items like aerated drinks, luxury cars and tobacco products. Pre-GST, the statutory tax rate for most goods was about 26.5%, Post-GST, most goods are expected to be in the 18% tax range.
Components of GST?
There are 3 taxes applicable under this system: CGST, SGST & IGST.
CGST: Collected by the Central Government on an intra-state sale (Eg: transaction happening within Maharashtra)
SGST: Collected by the State Government on an intra-state sale (Eg: transaction happening within Maharashtra)
IGST: Collected by the Central Government for inter-state sale (Eg: Maharashtra to Tamil Nadu)
|Sale within the State||CGST + SGST||VAT + Central Excise/Service tax||Revenue will be shared equally between the Centre and the State|
|Sale to another State||IGST||Central Sales Tax + Excise/Service Tax||There will only be one type of tax (central) in case of inter-state sales. The Centre will then share the IGST revenue based on the destination of goods.|