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Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is an autonomous body established under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India. The FSSAI has been established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 which is a consolidating statute related to food safety and regulation in India. FSSAI is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.

The FSSAI is headed by a non-executive Chairperson, appointed by the Central Government, either holding or has held the position of not below the rank of Secretary to the Government of India. Rita Teotia is the current Chairperson for FSSAI and Pawan Kumar Agarwal is the current Chief Executive Officer for FSSAI.

Who need to take Food License(FSSAI)

As per law, every person and business who deals in any type of food material is required to take food license.

  • Manufacturer of Food Items
  • Wholesaler
  • Retailer
  • Cake shop/Bakery
  • Dhaba/Restaurants
  • kirana store
  • selling food items from home
  • catering business
  • hawkers
  • Repacker
  • any person selling any type of food items online(Swiggy, Zomato etc.)

Types of FSSAI Food Licenses in India 

Food Safety and Security Association of India,  FSSAI issues three different types of food licenses in India:

  1. Basic FSSAI Registration

    The petty and small-sized food business operators like manufacturers, transporters, storage units, distributer, marketers, retailers, etc. are required to acquire a Basic FSSAI Registration which is issued by the State Government for a minimum period of one year and a maximum of 5 years. It is mostly for the units having an annual turnover of less than 12 lakh. The rest depends on the eligibility, the FBO can thus fall under either the State FSSAI License or the Basic Registration.

  2. State FSSAI License

    The authority has guided the food business operators, having an annual turnover of more than 12 lakh, like small to medium-sized manufacturers, storage units, transporters, marketers, retailers, distributors, etc to obtain the State FSSAI License. It is issued by the respective State Government having a minimum validity of one year and the maximum of 5 yrs.

  3. Central FSSAI License

    Food business operators who have a turnover greater than 20 crores like large manufacturers, 100% export oriented units, importers, operators in the Central Government agencies, airports, seaports, etc are enforced to obtain a Central Food License issued by the Central Government.  Also, the FBO’s are directed to obtain the Central License for their head office and if they operate in more than one state. The minimum tenure of this license is one year and the maximum is 5 years.


1.What is FSSAI, 2006 & why this Act is needed?

FSSAI, 2006 is an Act enacted to keep with changing needs / requirements of time and to consolidate the laws relating to food and to establish the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India. The Act was needed to bring out a single statutory body for food laws, standards setting and enforcement so that there is
one agency to deal and no confusion in the minds of consumers, traders,
manufacturers and investors which was due to multiplicity of food laws.

2.Does FSSAI serve the purpose of a unified food

Yes, as the Act consolidates various food laws.

3.Who is responsible for implementation & Enforcement of FSSAI, 2006? Or Who is the regulatory authority under the Food Act in India?

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India in association with State Food
Authorities are responsible for implementation & enforcement of FSSAI, 2006.

4.What are the priorities of FSSAI?

The priorities of the FSSAI is laying down science based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import, to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption.

5.What does FSSAI do?

The mandate assigned to the Food Authority is (i) laying down science based standards for articles of food (ii) to regulate manufacture, storage,distribution, sale and import of food (iii) to facilitate food safety.

6.How consumers are benefitted through FSSAI?

The representative of the consumer organizations are members of the Food Authorities and Central Advisory Committee. The consumer may analyze the samples of food on payment of fees. The in case of injury of death of consumer there is a provision for compensation to the consumer.